56% of vapers who smoke tobacco use vaping to quit smoking
2.2% of Spaniards currently vape. 0.7% do it daily. Vaping, far from becoming a gateway to tobacco, is seen as a way to kick the habit. 56% of vapers who are tobacco smokers have decided to vape to quit smoking or reduce tobacco use, according to the study “Patterns and reasons for using electronic cigarettes”, prepared by Sigma Dos.
These are very significant figures since, according to this study, around 65% of vapers are also tobacco smokers. In this sense, 9 out of 10 vapers who currently smoke claim to have been successful in reducing tobacco consumption thanks to the electronic cigarette.
And among those who have already given up tobacco, 40% express that the electronic cigarette helped them to stop smoking or to reduce their consumption in the process of quitting. 56% of vapers who smoke tobacco use vaping to quit smoking.
As for the future, almost half (47.3%) of vapers who smoke tobacco are thinking about quitting, and the electronic cigarette is positioned as the main method to quit tobacco: 37% of vapers who try to quit smoking trust that the electronic cigarette will allow them to achieve their goal or reduce their consumption.
Miguel de la Fuente, Director of Research and Analysis of Sigma Dos, explains that 91% of vapers in Spain “were already smoking when they started vaping”. This statement is also valid for younger smokers, where the vast majority (81%) already smoked before starting to vape. For her part, the journalist and writer Silvia Taudes, explains that, in Europe, the scientific debate on the electronic cigarette “has been intense” and as a result, many countries recommend it as an alternative to tobacco.
Furthermore, he adds that “United Kingdom It is the National Health Service itself that recommends vaping as the best alternative to quit smoking. This debate should be carried out in depth in Spain, where there is great misinformation about the electronic cigarette ”.
What is the frequency of the vaping habit?
The consumption of electronic cigarettes It is an increasingly prevalent habit in the population and, in the last five years, vaping has been used to a greater or lesser extent by 13% of Spaniards between 15 and 64 years of age. Daily vaping represents between 27% and 30% of vapers. However, its prevalence is decreasing with age, with 6% of current vapers between 15 and 24 years old and only 1% after 50 years.
However, the figures change completely depending on the frequency of vaping. Among the daily vapers, nicotine consumption accounts for almost 74% (including mixed use). On the contrary, among non-daily vapers, vaping without nicotine is superior. Apart from the frequency of vaping, age is the variable that makes the difference in the type of device used.
Adding up exclusive consumption of one type with mixed consumption (both, with nicotine and without nicotine), vaping with nicotine barely exceeds 45% among young people between 15 and 24 years old, and it is increasing with age to 78% in those over 50 years old. On the contrary, there are hardly any differences according to gender, with a similar pattern in men and women.
Vaping is an increasingly prevalent habit in the population and is beginning to have relevance in population-based surveys. In fact, research conducted by the National Plan on Drugs (the EDADES survey in the population aged 15 to 64 years or the ESTUDES survey in the 14 to 18-year-olds) have tackled the consumption of electronic cigarettes gradually.
The study by Sigma Dos sets out to determine the patterns and motivations of electronic cigarette consumption and to what extent it is becoming a substitute for traditional tobacco as well as an alternative method to tobacco consumption. The survey was conducted with a total of 18,003 telephone interviews between May and June 2020, for which the typology of tobacco consumption and vaping is available.
The final valid sample consists of 2,357 user stories current e-cigarette or former vapers in the last five years.