A man in serious condition with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever after being bitten by a tick
A man is in serious condition after having contracted the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever after being bitten by a tick In Salamanca. This has been communicated by the Junta de Castilla y León through the General Directorate of Public Health and its Epidemiology Service.
Despite being admitted in a serious condition, the patient is stable, in isolation, and they have been adopted the planned epidemiological and care measures, both in relation to their treatment and to the identification and control of contacts.
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever is caused by a virus, the main transmission mechanism of which is the tick bite of the ‘Hyalomma’ genus, although it can also spread from person to person by contact with the patient’s blood or fluids, which can especially happen in health personnel when they are not properly protected, the Board points out in a statement sent to Europa Press.
The confirmed case is a man who has been admitted to the Salamanca University Assistance Complex for a couple of days and who had suffered a tick bite in an area of pine forests in the province of Salamanca in late May. The infectious process caused him a high fever, so he went to his Primary Care doctor, who suspected that it could be a tick-borne infection and gave him treatment.
In the absence of improvement, analytics were performed and your hospital transfer was decided, with the suspicion that it could be a picture of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
The patient is admitted to the Infectious Diseases Service in a room with the isolation measures foreseen in these cases and their clinical state is stable within the severity that this pathology implies.
From Public Health and in coordination with the healthcare field, as soon as it was established suspicion of this possible case, the action and coordination protocol has been launched between the health authorities of the Ministry of Health and the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León.
In this situation, blood samples from the patient have been sent to the National Center for Microbiology of the Instituto de ‘Salud Carlos III’, which has confirmed that it is an infection with the Crimea-Congo virus. Likewise, the appropriate protection measures for health professionals have been adopted.
The Epidemiology Section of the Territorial Service of the Board, in collaboration with the health professionals of the University Assistance Complex of Salamanca, has identified nine contacts of the affected person to indicate the follow-up to be carried out, as confirmed by the Minister of Health, Verónica Casado. In close contacts, this consists of regularly monitoring your body temperature and communicating to your reference epidemiologist any changes in your health.
The General Directorate of Public Health of the Junta de Castilla y León Maintains information available to the population and health professionals about the risks, in order to avoid new infections as much as possible.
Regarding the prevention of tick bites, the health authorities remember the importance of wearing appropriate clothing and footwear during field trips, as well how to walk on the roads and use repellents for both people and pets. It should also be stressed that ticks that may have become attached should be removed as soon as possible and appropriately, preferably by healthcare professionals.
On the Board’s health portal it is available to citizens and to health professionals information both on the prevention of tick bites, as well as diseases for which they are potential vectors of transmission and, more specifically, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.