Bolivia will celebrate this Sunday, October 18, “most complex” electoral process in its history democracy, the president of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), Salvador Romero.

Five candidates attend the elections, to which the interim president, Jeanine Áñez, appeared initially, although she later resigned her candidacy due to the risk of dividing the vote against him. Movement to Socialism (MAS) by Evo Morales.

Morales’ party seeks to resume the power he held for almost fourteen years and that he lost last November after an election that was annulled amid allegations of fraud, something he has always denied.

Fragmented into six candidacies, his detractors want to prevent the MAS from governing again because of the excesses that they believe Morales committed, including his controversial empowerment to seek reelection despite the fact that the Constitution that he himself promulgated allows only two continuous terms.

The most important

In a telematic conference with the Association of International Press Correspondents (ACPI), he pointed out that the definition “is not exaggerated”, since the complexity of organizing the elections was marked even before the arrival of the pandemic from Covid-19 to the country, last March.

The difficulty was given by “the annulment of the election of 2019”, which is something of “great gravity for any country,” said Romero, who pointed out that in this century only two elections were annulled, the Peruvian one in 2000 and the Bolivian one last year, in Latin America.

The president of the Bolivian electoral body also indicated that with the arrival of the coronavirus the organization of the elections collided with two complications, on the one hand the definition of the date of the elections, previously set for May 3 and then postponed to September 9, and then finally delayed to October 18.

7.3 million voters

On election day in Bolivia to which 7.3 million voters are called is assigned in two shifts, in the morning and in the afternoon, under the control of the completion of the identity document number, with one hour more than usual for voting, among others biosecurity measures to avoid crowds that carry a risk of contagion of the new coronavirus.

Due to the pandemic, Romero explained that the vote of Bolivian residents abroad it will reach 300,000 in about 30 countries with the exception of Panama, which communicated that it will not be possible, and in Chile the vote will be held only in Santiago, but not in other cities. “We are going to have a clean, safe and reliable election day,” Romero stressed.

Bolivia will elect its president, vice president, deputies and senators this Sunday for the five-year term.

The elections are called almost a year after those of October 20, 2019 were annulled, between allegations of fraud in favor of then-president Evo Morales, who had been declared the winner for a fourth consecutive term and has always denied that accusation, which is still under judicial investigation in Bolivia.

The failed elections last year led to a serious social and political crisis in the country, which left at least 37 dead and more than 800 injured according to the Bolivian Ombudsman.