President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah sign a power-sharing agreement
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah They have signed a power sharing agreement this Sunday. The signing of this political agreement ends a political crisis that, until now, overshadowed any effort to end the war that has plagued the country for the past two decades. The new agreement – whose negotiations were mediated by Afghan political leaders such as the former president Hamid Karzai– establishes that Abdullah will be the person in charge of directing the High National Reconciliation Council. Also, this document will allow several members of the coalition led by Abdullah to be part of the Government.
The Independent Electoral Commission of Afghanistan (IEC) announced in February the victory of President Ashraf Ghani with 50.64% of the vote, in the elections held in September. In second place was the current head of the Afghan Executive, Abdullah Abdullah, with 39.52% support, who refused to abide by those results and defended that it was he who won the ballot box. After challenging these results several times, Abdullah proclaimed the formation of a parallel government, putting the Ghani Administration between the sword and the wall, at the same time that the United States and the Taliban announced a historic peace agreement to restore confidence to a country. who, for more than 19 years, has suffered the consequences of one of the most lasting war conflicts of the current century.
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has also opted for the creation of a High Governance Council, which will give top political leaders the role of advising the president. “Today is a historic day for our beloved Afghanistan. Afghans have shown that they are committed to their national interests with common thinking. In the coming days, we hope that with unity and cooperation we can lay the foundations for a ceasefire and lasting peace, “said the Afghan president after signing this agreement.
“The agreement will facilitate the format of the peace talks with the Taliban, as there is now a head of the reconciliation council. But the details will remain difficult. For example, if Abdullah agrees on a subject, does that mean that President Ghani will also agree, or vice versa? ”Diplomat Shukria Barakzai told The New York Times.
Until this Sunday, the negotiations between the two leaders were at a standstill, even after the US Secretary of State traveled to Kabul to mediate and try to find a solution to this distancing. The American giant decided to withdraw a billion dollars of aid to Afghanistan after this visit in which Pompeo insisted on Ghani and Abdullah to form a Government of National Unity. A spokesman for the Afghan Ministry of Finance has asked Pompeo through the social network Twitter to reconsider helping his country financially. Please reconsider your $ 1 billion cut in aid. In fact, since we have the COVID-19 pandemic they could add more“, has underlined.
Pompeo has welcomed the signing of this power-sharing agreement, but has criticized both President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah for taking so long. “Secretary Pompeo said he regretted the time lost during the political impasse. He reiterated that the priority of the United States remains a political agreement to end the conflict and welcomed the commitment of the two leaders to act immediately in support of the prompt entry into intra-Afghan negotiations, “said the Department spokeswoman. of State Morgan Ortagus in a statement.
For his part, NATO Secretary General, Jens Stoltenberg, has also applauded this agreement and urged the Taliban to reduce violence and for all parties to continue working for peace. This agreement was signed after the United States special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, explained last Friday that a new date for the intra-Afghan peace talks was being discussed, and that he would soon travel to the region and try to promote a reduction in the violence, as reported by the Reuters news agency.
The intra-Afghan negotiations are currently facing a series of challenges, such as the increase in violence in the country. The latest attack took place just hours ago after a suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a building of the National Security Directorate’s (NDS) special unit in Ghazni province.