The prime minister of Russia, Dimitri Medvedev, has announced the resignation in block of the Government, shortly after the president, Vladimir Putin, delivered a speech before the Parliament in which he advocated reviewing the current protocols for the appointment of the Executive within a constitutional reform.
Medvedev explained that he has submitted his team's resignation at a meeting with Putin, referring to article 117 of the Constitution, which states precisely that it is up to the president to accept or not accept the departure of the members of the Government, according to the official news agency Sputnik.
The president has raised this Wednesday provide "greater responsibility" to Parliament in the formation of Government and that it is the Lower House (Duma) who must approve the candidacy of the prime minister, a position that Putin precisely held between 2008 and 2012 after covering his first stage in the Kremlin and not being able to aspire to re-election.
According to this new balance of powers, the president "He will not have the right to decline applications approved by Parliament" and will be "bound" to abide by these appointments, said Putin, a supporter of a referendum to introduce constitutional amendments.
Medvedev, 54, considered "correct" that the current Executive present his resignation taking into account the "fundamental changes in the Constitution of the Russian Federation "proposed by the head of the Kremlin to grant greater powers to the Duma or Chamber of Deputies.
If approved, he said, these constitutional amendments will modify "the balance of power" between the Government and the Duma.
For his part, Putin thanked Medvedev for his work at the helm of the Government and was "satisfied" with his management. "Everything could not be done, but it's never possible to do everything "he added.
Medvedev assumed the leadership of the current Government in May 2018 after Putin was re-elected two months before as head of the Kremlin, although he already held that position between 2012, when Putin returned to the Kremlin, and early 2018.
The prime minister's work was harshly criticized by both the parliamentary and extra-parliamentary opposition and by the citizens themselves. Only 36% approved their management in opinion polls and his resignation was widely demanded During the last years.
Medvedev replaced Putin as Russian president (2008-2012) when he had to leave the Kremlin when he held two consecutive presidential terms, which was criticized at the time by opponents and Western governments.
Medvedev's career, a native of St. Petersburg as president, has been closely related to Putin, with whom he has worked closely since 1999, first as campaign manager, head of presidential administration and then as prime minister.