The most important points of the Abrahamic Accords between Israel and the United Arab Emirates

After the signing of the Abraham Agreements this Tuesday in Washington, the details of the new relationship between the Emirates and Israel are beginning to be known. Although the full text was already agreed in August, the 12 key points it contains were not yet known. The document has been revealed after the ceremony held at the White House. Tolerance and interreligious coexistence are two of the fundamental points of the agreement and are mentioned at the beginning of the text.

The agreement also includes the establishment of embassies and a strengthening of cooperation in fields such as health care, innovation, aviation, environment and energy to stimulate activity and innovation. The document emphasizes the fight against extremism and the launch of a new strategic agenda for the Middle East together with the United States. One of the reasons that has led to the signing of these agreements is the threat that Iran poses to the region. Both Israel and the Gulf countries are against Tehran’s plans to seize hegemony in the Middle East. This alliance is a way of dealing with Iranian interests in the area.

In any case, the pact makes it likely that other Arab states will begin to reach their own agreements with Israel, something that also represents a setback for Iran, the main enemy of the Israeli government in the region. “You have fiercely confronted the tyrants of Tehran,” Netanyahu said, addressing Trump, before the signing of the agreements on Tuesday. The Sunni Persian Gulf states have increased their antagonism with Iran’s Shiite leaders in recent years, and Trump has seen in that trend a perfect opportunity to try to join forces with Israel against Tehran.

The fine print of the agreements has not been made public, but according to The New York Times, it contains a commitment by the United States to sell F-35 fighters to the Emirates, to balance Emirati military capabilities with those of Israel in the region. Netanyahu has denied that he has consented to that agreement, and when asked about it on Tuesday, Trump has responded that differences on the subject will be “resolved”.

Since they announced their agreement on August 13, Israel and the Emirates have already taken the first steps in normalizing their relations, from phone calls to collaboration in medical and defense matters, to the arrival in Abu Dhabi at the end of August of the first commercial flight between both countries.

The text also advocates the importance of a negotiated peace between Israelis and Palestinians and the need to fulfill their goals and aspirations. But the document does not mention key issues to unblock the conflict between Arabs and Palestinians, such as the status of the Al Aqsa mosque, for example. Both the Emirates and Israel are committed to preventing any kind of terrorist activity against each other.

Both countries have committed to passing or repealing any legislation necessary for the agreement to work and that any disputes that arise can be resolved through arbitration. Mention is made of the United Nations letter, which reflects the importance of not undermining any multilateral commitment assumed by any of the countries or any other obligation they may have in relation to treaties with other countries. The agreement has yet to be brought before the United Nations and must be legally ratified by both the Emirates and Israel.