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The US Senate on Thursday approved a bill that prevents the US president, Donald Trump, take any military action against Iran without first requesting permission from Congress, which is a serious blow to the authority of the president.

The initiative, which in order to become law, needs Trump's signature, was approved with the vote of all senators of the Democratic opposition and eight Republicans.

The support of the conservative senators is significant because it publicly shows the disagreement of some Republicans with Trump's policy towards Iran and, especially, with his decision to order the death of Iranian General Qasem Soleimaní six weeks ago, considered a hero in the Persian country .

However, it is simply a symbolic gesture because Trump has already announced that he will veto the initiative. A two-thirds majority is required in each chamber of Congress to revoke a president's veto and, on this occasion, there is no such broad support.

Bipartisan Senate

Democratic senator Tim Kaine, who promoted the initiative, considered on Twitter that the Senate is sending "a strong bipartisan message" to reaffirm the authority of the Legislative, which is the only state body capable of declaring war, according to the Constitution.

In addition, the Constitution establishes that the president is the commander of the Armed Forces; But, the truth is that the Executive has been gaining greater power since the attacks of September 11, 2001, when Congress passed a law that gave more room to the head of state to go against al Qaeda.

Already in January the House of Representatives, where the democrats have a majority, approved an initiative similar to that of the Senate.

That non-binding project was intended to show the anger of Congress with Trump, who did not notify lawmakers in advance of the US attack in Baghdad against Soleimaní.

The Islamic Republic responded to the death of Soleimaní with an attack on a military base in Iraq with the presence of US troops.

Tehran and Washington, which has not had diplomatic relations since 1979, have experienced numerous crises since Trump ordered the U.S. exit in 2018. of the nuclear agreement signed with world powers in 2015. Since then, Washington has again imposed heavy sanctions on the Persian economy.

To the crisis was added the accidental demolition by the Islamic Republic of a Ukrainian civil aircraft shortly after taking off from Tehran airport and which caused the death of its 176 occupants.