In this model the diffusion of English is captured in terms of three Concentric Circles of the language: The Inner Circle, the Outer Circle, and the Expanding Circle. The Inner Circle refers to English as it originally took shape and was spread across the world in the first diaspora.

In this regard, Why is outer circle called the norm developing?

This is why the Outer Circle is norm-developing, because the contact with other languages prompts changes in its vocabulary and sometimes in its grammar. The Expanding Circle was never colonized by the British Empire and therefore English is not a language spoken by a significant number of people in the country.

Regarding this, What is the kachru 3 circles?

Kachru constructed a model of the different uses of English around the world. This model is comprised of three concentric circles, which he labelled: the inner circle, the outer circle and the expanding circle.

Beside above, What are the examples of World Englishes?

Varieties of World English include American English, Australian English, Babu English, Banglish, British English, Canadian English, Caribbean English, Chicano English, Chinese English, Denglish (Denglisch), Euro-English, Hinglish, Indian English, Irish English, Japanese English, New Zealand English, Nigerian English, …

What is the circle of language? The “Inner Circle” of the English Language. The Inner Circle is made up of countries in which English is the first or the dominant language. These countries include Australia, Britain, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and the United States. Also called the core English-speaking countries.

18 Related Questions Answers Found

What is expanding circle?

The expanding circle is made up of countries in which English has no special administrative status but is recognized as a lingua franca and is widely studied as a foreign language. Countries in the expanding circle include China, Denmark, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Korea, and Sweden, among many others.

What is outer circle in football?

THE CURVED part of the ‘D’ is an arc of a circle, of radius 10 yards, centred on the penalty spot. … The ‘D’marks the part of the pitch outside the penalty box which is closer to the penalty spot than 10 yards, into which players must not encroach before the kick. It is usually called the D.

What is the meaning of World Englishes?

World Englishes refers to forms of English that have been developed by non-native speakers. The plural form Englishes shows the diverse aspect of English today. This term is used to describe the different varieties of English in the multifarious sociolinguistic context.

What are the limitations of Kachru’s three circle model?

Limitations with Kachru’s model

Grey area between Inner and Outer Circles as well as Outer and Expanding Circles. The world’s bilingual or multilingual speakers are not taken into account. Difficulty of using the model to define speakers in terms of their proficiency in English.

What are the benefits of World Englishes?

It helps to form a stronger relationship among the nations. As a result, international trades such as the importing and exporting of goods will increase and benefit the growth of economy around the globe. Furthermore, English helps people to travel around the world without experiencing any difficulties.

What is Indian English called?

Also called English in India. Indian English (IndE) is one of the oldest regional varieties of the English language. English is one of the 22 official languages recognized by the Constitution of India.

What is the extending circle?

The expanding circle is made up of countries in which English has no special administrative status but is recognized as a lingua franca and is widely studied as a foreign language. Countries in the expanding circle include China, Denmark, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Korea, and Sweden, among many others.

What does expanding circle mean?

Finally, the Expanding Circle refers to countries where English is used as a foreign language for international communication such as Japan, China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and South Korea, and their English is considered as norm-dependent.

What circle does the native English speakers belong?

The “Inner Circle” of the English Language. The Inner Circle is made up of countries in which English is the first or the dominant language. These countries include Australia, Britain, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and the United States. Also called the core English-speaking countries.

What is moral circle?

The ‘moral circle’ is the boundary drawn around those entities in the world deemed worthy of moral consideration. … The size of the moral circle mediated the effects of mindset on subsequent moral judgment.

What is the circle of moral concern?

The term “moral circle” can be defined as the “breadth of people’s moral concern for others.” In other words, our moral circle describes who we think is worthy of our moral concern and should be included in our moral considerations.

Why is there a semicircle on the 18 yard box?

Answer: It’s for penalties, when players have to be at least 10-yards from the penalty spot. That semi-circle marks exactly 10 yards from the spot.

What is the half circle above the goalie box?

The penalty arc is the half circle on top of the penalty box. During a penalty kick, no player is allowed to be inside it.

What is the half circle on the 18 yard box?

It is to mark ten yards from the penalty spot so referees and their assistants can check for encroachment before the penalty is taken. Rules are that all players must be at least 10 yards from the penalty spot before the kick is taken.

What is the importance of World Englishes?

With 2 billion speakers worldwide, English is the largest language by the number of speakers. It is also the third largest language by the number of native speakers. As the most common language, English has the power of connecting people from many different cultures, building relationships and understanding.

What are the stages of the spread of the English?

The three Englishes

In general, English language history is split into three sections: Old English, Middle English and Modern English. Whilst linguists and scholars do hotly contest these labels, and exactly when or how each period begins, we can see a distinct change in the language over these three phases.

What are the advantages of Kachru’s model?

The advantages of this model over the ENL/ESL/EFL one are, first of all it makes English plural so that one English becomes many Englishes. Second, the model does not suggest that one variety is any better, linguistically speaking, than any other.

What are the benefits of knowing multiple languages?

People who speak more than one language have improved memory, problem-solving and critical-thinking skills, enhanced concentration, ability to multitask, and better listening skills.

Which language is spoken most in world?

English is the largest language in the world, if you count both native and non-native speakers. If you count only native speakers, Mandarin Chinese is the largest. Mandarin Chinese is the largest language in the world when counting only first language (native) speakers.

What are the advantage and disadvantage to having one language in the world?

The advantages of having one dialect globally are that it will remove communication barriers and will lead to economic development across the globe. However, some disadvantages could be the loss of culture and heritage of various communities and the extinction of tourism as an industry.

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