appearance : welds should have a reasonably smooth, uniform and consistent appearance. Oxidation : welds need adequate shielding from the atmosphere either by inert (or partially inert) gas or flux. Some metals esp stainless steel and titanium may also require shielding on the back side of the weld.

Then, Is stick welding stronger than MIG?

Answer to mig vs stick question

The 70 in E70s6 bare wire and the 70 in 7018 stick rods means they are the same strength. 70,000 psi tensile strength is as strong or stronger than most steels you will weld. For downhill welding on 3/16 and thicker a 6011 stick rod will penetrate much deeper than bare wire.

Considering this, Can you touch the electrode while stick welding? A: A stick electrode is always “electrically hot” when the welder is on. Wear dry gloves in good condition when welding. Do not touch the electrode or metal parts of the electrode holder with skin or wet clothing.

27 Related Questions and Answers Found ?


What is a 6013 welding rod used for?

Uses and Applications of 6013 Rod

The E6013 is designed for medium to light penetration welding. It is used for welding carbon steel and is also used for welding any type of polarity.

How do you stick weld vertical 7018?

When weaving vertically up with a 7018 electrode, zigzag back and forth, and allow each puddle section to freeze in place in time to weld up to the next stair step. Hold the electrode slightly uphill, and keep a short arc to gain better penetration and fusion. During a weave, focus on welding the sides of the joint.

Is 6013 All position?

Sureweld 6013 is an allposition electrode. The arc is very stable even when low-voltage open circuit transformers are used. The power of its arc allows depositing quick welds, medium penetration, and good appearance.

How many amps does a 6013?

Current setting

For example, a 1/8-inch 6010 rod runs well from 75 to 125 amps, while a 5/32-inch 7018 rod welds at currents up to 220 amps. The side of the electrode box usually indicates operating ranges.

What is the best welding rod for vertical welding?

7018 Electrodes. The 7018 is the backbone of structural welding. This rod runs completely different from the 6010 and 6011 rods—it is much smoother and easier. More of a “drag” rod, the 7018 is also referred to as a low-hydrogen, or “low-high,” rod in the field.

What is the difference between 6010 and 6013 welding rod?

Main difference between 6010 and 6011 is 6011 can be run on AC where 6010 is a DC rod. Both run the same to me as far as rod manipulation, puddle, bead and slag characteristics but 6011 seems to go down a little smoother for me on DC+. 6013 is low penetration rod and can be run DC+/-. It penetrates less in the DC-.

Can you stick weld downhill?

The term “All Position” Does not necessarily mean, “Anything Goes” A downhill weld made with 7018 will in many cases tend to trap slag in the weld as it builds up & flows in the direction of gravity. It can be done, but is tricky & usually not the best type rod for a downhill application.

What welding rod do I use for thin metal?

vertical. The terms vertical and horizontal often describe directions: a vertical line goes up and down, and a horizontal line goes across. You can remember which direction is vertical by the letter, “v,” which points down.

Do you push or pull when stick welding?

Push or pull: Here the rule is simple. “If it produces slag, you drag,” says Leisner. In other words, you drag the rod or wire when welding with a stick or flux-core wire welder. Otherwise, you push the wire with metal inert gas (MIG) welding.

What amp do I need to weld with a 7018 Rod?

Amperage Rule

In general, the 7018 rod is used with currents up to 225 amps. A rule of thumb is to use 30 amps of current per 1/32 inch of rod diameter. That would mean using 90 amps of current on a rod that is 3/32-inch in diameter.

Should you mig weld up or down?

The upward movement allows the welder to provide a higher heat input into the weld. Whereas in a downward movement, the pool tends to follow gravity. This would be true even with the all position wires.

How do I know what amp to weld at?

The specific amperage to be used depends primarily on the diameter of the electrode. For example, an eighth in diameter electrode welds great between 75 and 125 amps. Whereas a 5/32 diameter electrode can weld optimally at up to 220 amps.

Can you mig weld downhill?

What is the best welding rod for a beginner?

6013 is commonly used by beginners. More advanced welders will use a DC machine and use 6010 for deep penetration and 7018 for cap passes. The amperage depends upon the metal thickness and rod diameter. For an 1/8″ rod on 1/4″ plate, I’d try a range between 50 – 80 amps; probably starting around 70 amps.

Why does my welding rod keep sticking?

If the rod gets too close to the base metal it will decrease the voltage causing the arc to go out. about the benefits of proper storage! Sticking the welding rod is where the rod instead of melting like it should, sticks to the base metal. There is not enough current to melt it, but enough for it to stick.

What is 6011 welding rod used for?

6011 electrodes can also be used for all-position welding using an alternating current (AC) welding power source. Like 6010 electrodes, 6011 electrodes produce a deep, penetrating arc that cuts through corroded or unclean metals.

What is 7016 welding rod used for?

7016 is a low hydrogen, all position electrode used for welding heavy duty steel structures and plates. This electrode provides excellent arc stability and produces X-ray quality weld deposits with higher crack resistance, elongation and ductility than other mild steel electrodes.

How many amps does it take to weld a 1/4 inch steel?

180 amps

What is the best welding rod for mild steel?

Hundreds, if not thousands, of stick electrodes exist, but the most popular are mild steel electrodes, which fall into the American Welding Society (AWS) classification A5. 1. These include the 6010, 6011, 6012, 6013, 7014, 7024 and 7018 electrodes.

What welding rod do I use for thin metal?

Welding Current

The first two digits of a 4-digit number and the first three digits of a 5-digit number stand for tensile strength. For example, E6010 means 60,000 pounds per square inch (PSI) tensile strength and E10018 means 100,000 psi tensile strength. The next to last digit indicates position.

Do welding rods have a shelf life?

180 amp

How many amps does it take to weld 1/8 steel?

Getting the most from your machine
For wire size Multiply by Ex. using 1/8 inch (125 amps)
.023 inch 3.5 inches per amp 3.5 x 125 = 437.5 ipm
.030 inch 2 inches per amp 2 x 125 = 250 ipm
.035 inch 1.6 inches per amp 1.6 x 125 = 200 ipm
.045 inch 1 inch per amp 1 x 125 = 125 ipm

How many amps does it take to weld 1 inch Steel?

Next, consider that thin metals require less amperage and thicker metals require more amperage. For example, to MIG weld 18 gauge steel in a single pass takes roughly 70 amps, where welding 1/4 in. steel in a single pass requires roughly 180 amps.

How many amps does it take to weld 1 inch Steel?

A: You can use aluminum rods on aluminum only, and they typically are used only for really thick pieces, about 0.25 inch and thicker. If you’re welding mild steel with your 110-V machine, 6013 is perfect for thin-gauge steel. Try some 0.09375-in.

How many amps does it take to weld 6mm steel?

Welding Buyer’s Guide
Maximum Amps 90 amp 150 amp
Max Steel Thickness (butt weld) 2.0mm 4mm
Max Steel Thickness (with V and root gap) 3.0mm 6mm

What polarity do you weld 7018?

Note that for stick welding in general, DC+ polarity is most commonly used. It produces a good bead profile with a higher level of penetration. DC- polarity results in less penetration and a higher electrode melt-off rate. It is sometimes used, for example, on thin sheet metal in an attempt to prevent burn-through.

Is 7018 welding rod AC or DC?

The 7018 welding rods are used for pipe welding and structural steel welding and repair welding. This low-hydrogen, usually DC, all-position electrode can also be used with AC, which not many welders may know. The 7018 provides a good bead appearance and smooth, strong welds. It also works on higher strength steels.

What size welding rod should I use?

The 6012 welding rod amperage

It comes in a variety of sizes all of which work best with different amperage settings. A 1/8 inch rod is suited to an amperage of between 80 to 140 amps. On the other hand, a rod that measures 3/32 inches in diameter is suited to a range of between 35 and 85 amps.

How many amps does it take to weld 1/2 steel?

Note that for stick welding in general, DC+ polarity is most commonly used. It produces a good bead profile with a higher level of penetration. DC- polarity results in less penetration and a higher electrode melt-off rate. It is sometimes used, for example, on thin sheet metal in an attempt to prevent burn-through.

Can you weld vertical down with 7018?

Re: 7018 vertical down

You need to run 10-15 amps hot at least and run a slight push down angle. Also do a back step pattern. This will allow you to keep the steel ahead of your weld as clean as possible while you travel down and use the push angle and arc force to drip away the extra slag.

Can you stick weld downhill?

180 amp