Touching 90 years and with escort. It is the incomprehensible image that from now on will accompany the Italian senator Liliana Segre, survivor of the Holocaust, after the constant messages of hatred from the extreme transalpine right, which does not stop sending insults and threats on a daily basis. As noted by the main headwaters of the country, the veteran senator for life receives an average of 200 racist insults a day on social networks.
Its integrity, in recent times, was increasingly compromised, for this reason the Italian authorities have considered it appropriate to assign a security team consisting of two carabinieri of civilian who will escort her, at least, in all her public events. Meanwhile, the Italian Justice has already opened an investigation, for the moment against strangers. To those who are today outraged by the assignment of an escort for Segre, she has responded that "you should never be ashamed of being Italian."
The response of Italian politics has been blunt. "We have to eliminate the language of hate and I will invite all the political forces represented in Parliament to introduce new rules to achieve this, both in politics and in social networks, "is what the president of the Italian Government, Giuseppe Conte, has declared in relation to the shameful novelty linked to the Holocaust survivor. According to the transalpine press notes, the increase in hatred towards his person began in January 2018, when the head of state, the president Sergio Mattarella, he named her senator for life as a living witness of World War II and for her commitment to historical memory.
Almost two years later, the New Force neo-fascist party placed a poster a few days ago in Milan, near where she was going to give a talk in front of hundreds of young people. After the assignment of the escort, President Mattarella has shown his full support to the survivor of Auschwitz: "Solidarity, coexistence and a sense of responsibility have to contrast intolerance, hatred, contrast," said the head of the Italian state, who also added: "This contrast is not rhetorical when a black girl cannot get on a bus or when a woman like Liliana Segre needs an escort."
"A few months of the 20s of this new century, an extraordinary woman like Liliana Segre has to live with an escort, which," says Nicola Zingaretti, leader of the Socialist Democratic Party (PD), "implies in some way her ability to live Free". Zingaretti also adds: "We have to defend it all together, with the strength of ideas and civil commitment, every day. The next decade will have to be at the service of human dignity, democracy and freedom."
The provocative comment, in bad taste and out of place; it has been contributed by the leader of the sovereign League, Matteo Salvini, who has assured that "The threats against Liliana Segre or against anyone are very serious," adding, in addition, that he receives "threats every day". This statement has been widely criticized within the Public Opinion of the country because it has sounded like a frivolization of such a serious phenomenon as racism and anti-Semitism, tacitly equating it with mere political disqualifications. Asked in recent days if she would like to meet Matteo Salvini, Liliana Segre has been most open and complete: "Of course I will meet him. If he wants, why shouldn't he do it? If I don't hate , Why wouldn't I have to open the door? "
Very different words, with respect to its leader, by the Legislative Senator Lucia Borgonzoni, candidate for the next regional elections in Emilia-Romagna – whose capital is Bologna -, who has shown all her support for her veteran colleague: "My solidarity with Senator Liliana Segre and my closeness to the messages of hate and threats that appeared on the web. " Borgonzoni says he would "I am looking forward to shaking hands in the Senate". And he adds: "The era of ideological contradictions has to end, and even more so if it relieves violence, also verbal. Let us leave behind the worst of the twentieth century, without forgetting the horrors."
Liliana Segre (Milan, 1930) was a teenager during World War II. After 1938, the fascist Italy of Benito Mussolini decided to apply what are known as racial laws, the same that Hitler enforced in Nazi Germany. With 8 years she was expelled from school. At the beginning of December 1943, Segre tried to escape to Switzerland with his father and some cousins: "It was the first time I heard the word escape," the future senator will tell for years. After crossing the Swiss border, she is captured by the gendarmerie and sent back to Italy, being held in the jails of Varese, Como and Milan.
In January 1944 it was handed over to the SS and deported with the father to Auschwitz, where there will remain with 700 other girls and more than 60,000 women from many countries, according to data provided these days by the Italian headers. It will be there in Auschwitz, without having yet turned 14, where he will be tattooed with the number 75190 that will never remove him from his skin: "That number I carry with honor because it represents the shame of who has done it," he said recently in an interview in one of the Italian public television networks: "Those people were hated because they were to blame for being born and because of that, not having the right to have their own name, they became a number. The number served, in that list , to know how many pieces were there. And I was one of those pieces. "
Her father will end up murdered in April 1944. She will survive in 1945, when the Soviets will free the Malchow concentration camp. According to the Italian news agency ANSA, "of the 776 Italian children under 14 who were deported to Auschwitz, Liliana Segre was among the only 25 survivors." He will return to Milan in August 1945, with World War II ended. It took almost 50 years to be able to talk about everything that happened in deportations and in the concentration camps, but from the 90s he started talking with professors and experts in the field, thus also starting his dissemination and memory activity.
There is a sentence of the senator for life Liliana Segre, today escorted by ultra-right threats, which summarizes the importance of his historical testimony: "Whoever ever hears this kind of life memories that prints them in his mind and transmits it to others. Because when none of our voices (of the Holocaust survivors) I can say I remember that there is someone who can pick up this message of life and do so that 6 million people have not died uselessly with the sole fault of being born. " And he adds: "Otherwise, all this could happen again with other names, other forms, in other places, for other reasons. But if from time to time someone will be the candle burning and alive from memory, the hope of good and peace will be stronger from fanaticism and hate. "